Digital-Analog Quantum Simulations Using The Cross-Resonance Effect

Digital-analog quantum computation aims to reduce the currently infeasible resource requirements needed for near-term quantum information processing by replacing a series of two-qubit gates with a unitary transformation generated by the systems underlying Hamiltonian. Inspired by this paradigm, we consider superconducting architectures and extend the cross-resonance effect, up to first order in perturbation theory, from a pair of qubits to 1D chains and 2D square lattices. In an appropriate reference frame, this results in a purely two-local Hamiltonian comprised of non-commuting interactions. By augmenting the analog Hamiltonian dynamics with single-qubit gates, we generate new families of locally transformed analog Hamiltonians. Toggling between these Hamiltonians, as needed, we design unitary sequences simulating the dynamics of Ising, XY, and Heisenberg spin models. Our dynamics simulations are Trotter error-free for the Ising and XY models in 1D. We also show that the Trotter errors for 2D XY and 1D Heisenberg chains are reduced, with respect to a digital decomposition, by a constant factor. Our Hamiltonian toggling techniques could be extended to derive new analog Hamiltonians which may be of use in more complex digital-analog quantum simulations for various models of interacting spins.

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